Being among the most important and extensively cultivated fruit tree crops olive grown in Albania (12% of the arable land), covers the entire coast line from Saranda to Shkodra and inland river valleys which possess olive trees. Olive germplasm, in two principal counties (Vlora and Tirana) is presented by three basic olive populations: Kaninjot, White of Tirana and wild population, with 28 (native) varieties. Albania have 1.7 million olive trees (500 - 3000 years old), and its 10% is evaluated to be near to 1000-3000 years old. The old centres of civilization were considered and the old areas of olive trees. There is a high relationship among Castles (Old Illyrian or pre-Illyrian Fortresses) and old olive trees distribution. It is very significant the fact the great number of Old olive trees is situated near or relatively near castles that were at the same time the centres of antique civilization. There were 53 villages, which possessed 136 thousand old olive trees, around 42 castles.
Albania has a variety of ecological niches and is very rich in biological and landscape olive tree diversity.
Albania is rich with more than 28 varieties grown in 82% of olive areas throughout the country. There are only 8 native varieties as Kaninjot (table and oil olive), Big grain of Berat and Elbasan (table olive), and Mixan, White of Tirana, Nisjot, Thin of Himara, and Frantoio (Italian var.) (for oil), are most cultivated.
Actually, there are 14 (native and foreign) varieties most cultivated in olive areas of Albania.
During 2015, farmers all over Albania increased investments on olive plants and their sub-products. A total of 12,000 tons of olive fruit was produced and half of it was exported.